Multirate algorithm for updating the coefficients

Earth Materials: Structure of Solid Earth, Rock cycle, Common rock forming minerals, Types of rocks and its engineering properties, Soils: processes of formation, soil profile and soil types, Geophysical methods of earth characterization; Earth Processes: Concept of plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading and continental drift, Origin of oceans, continents, mountains and rift valleys, Earthquake and earthquake belts; Volcanoes: types products and distribution; Deformation in Earth’s interior, Faults, Folding and Joints; Dynamic behavior of Earth Surface and role of hydrosphere: River processes, Surface water hydrology, Hillslope processes, catchment erosion processes, Coastal Processes, Groundwater and karst processes; Applications in Civil Engineering and Environmental Management. Study of physical properties of minerals and rocks in hand specimen 2.Study of topographic sheet and analysis of hillslope and watershed features 3.

Hydraulic processes: control volume approach, continuity, energy, momentum, velocity distribution, Hydrologic processes: introduction to hydrology, precipitation, evaporation, and infiltration, Surface runoff: drainage basins and storm hydrograph, hydrologic losses, unit hydrograph, Streamflow routing: hydrologic reservoir routing, hydrologic river routing, hydraulic routing, Introduction to pipe flow: classification of flow, head losses, forces in pipe flow, Introduction to open channel flow: steady uniform flow, specific energy and specific forces, steady and gradually varied flow, rapidly varied flow, discharge measurement, Introduction to groundwater flow: groundwater concepts, saturated flow, steady state one dimensional flow, steady state well hydraulics, transient well hydraulics, and boundary effects An overview of remote sensing, Electromagnetic radiation principles, Remote sensing data collection, Geometric correction, Image enhancement, Image interpretation, Image classification, Band transformation, Thermal infrared remote sensing, Change detection, Feature extraction, Monitoring of land and water resources, Accuracy assessment, Remote sensing of soil, vegetation, water, and urban areas, Object oriented classification, and Spectral Indices.

Research methods: Null Hypothesis formulation & testing, dependent & independent variables, qualitative, quantitative and categorical data, measurement scales, descriptive and inferential statistics (measures of central tendency, significance testing, ANOVA, repeated measures, posthoc testing, correlations, chi-square tests); Experimental design:single subject, between-group and within-group designs, randomization, factorial, parametric, subtractive, conjunction type designs; Research Tools: Review of basic mathematics, experimental psychology software (psychtoolbox, eprimeetc), Statistics using PSPP/Matlab/R; Research ethics and scientific writing with reference to APA guidelines.

Mechanistic/algorithmic approaches and issues addressed by these approaches: parallel versus serial processing, flow of information, timing effects.

Single Degree Freedom System (equation of motion; free and force vibrations; seismic excitation; time history analysis; response spectrum; approximate methods), Multiple Degrees Freedom System (eigenvalue problem; shear buildings; mode superposition method; modal combination rules; time history analysis), One story system (lateral-torsional coupling; non-orthogonal lateral coupling; directional combination rule) and introduction to continuum systems (flexural beam, its natural properties, response due to seismic excitation)Stability of rigid and discrete systems, Static, dynamic, imperfection and energy approaches to stability; Buckling; Snap through and post-buckling; Stability of continuous systems- columns beams and beam-columns; Inelastic buckling; Stability of frames; Numerical methods in stability- Timoshenko, Rayleigh Ritz and Galerkin methods, Direct stiffness method in stability problems; Stability of plates, stiffened plates and shells.

Course contents: Identification of nature of the work; Design issues: complex design and calculation, code and regulatory issues, documentation and updating calculations, cost over-run, schedule; Construction issues: type of construction, climatic condition, terrain condition, quality control, material availability, time delay, labor issues, cost-schedule constraints, lost time recovery; Project control and management: evolution of project management, training, planning, work breakdown structure, various methods controlling cost and schedule, inflation factor, delay for various reasons, risk management, event chain, critical events, Gantt chart, project tracking-progress monitoring and controlling, analysis of measureable goals, financial (cost-benefit) analysis, stakeholder analysis, milestone analysis, cost trend analysis, value benefit analysis, target and actual comparison, International standards, various software, quality assurance and control; Safety issues and control; Legal aspects: Claim; avoidance; liability.

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